Architectural restoration, I.C.T. and B.I.M.MAT the “Albergo dei Poveri” in Genoa as a Case Study

Abstract
The research carried out on listed and unprotected historical monuments - to establish the appropriate management of the restoration and preservation interventions throughout their entire life cycle - aimed at constructing a tool whose effectiveness might be assessed and which could be employed to:
- gather, store and manage the information required for the planning and design process, the execution of the real restoration works (also for drawing up the project cost estimation);
- put them in rigorous reference with the “places”, through parametric and interoperable tools;
- make them updatable in continuous and in simultaneity;
- use them to manage, maintain and conserve the buildings in the future.

The hypothesis at the base of the National Research Programme was that the more recent developments within the Information Communication Technologies allow now the construction of some BIM(Building Information Models), as meta-models in 3D, 4D, and even n-D, also for historical and monumental buildings, based on their volumetric and spatial consistency, constructive consistency and on the relationships between their constitutive parts. These models are not merely representative but could manage, in the long term, information and continually-evolving data collected during the surveying, planning, designing, constructive and management phases of the buildings’ life, undergoing interventions of restoration and of different nature. The primary objective was thus the development of a relational and (if possible) parametric system that could store and organize the information required for the appropriate management of the buildings throughout their entire life cycle (preventive maintenance, refurbishment, conversion, improvement of energy efficiency, etc.).
The Research Unity of Genoa, within the general PRIN framework and with the contribution of two researchers from the University of Cagliari, have in particular worked on a vast and unique architectural complex, the “Albergo dei Poveri” that is however representative of larger portions of the built heritage.  

Tratto dal Convegno
Modellazione e gestione delle informazioni per il patrimonio edilizio esistente
Built Heritage Information Modelling/Management – BHIMM
Politecnico di Milano, 21/22 GIUGNO 2016

 

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